|The Sanctifying Function of the Church » The Sacraments » Marriage » The convalidation of marriage » Simple convalidation|
|Canon 1156.||§1 To validate a marriage which is invalid because of a diriment impediment, it is required that the impediment cease or be dispensed, and that at least the party aware of the impediment renews consent.
§2 This renewal is required by ecclesiastical law for the validity of the validation, even if at the beginning both parties had given consent and had not afterwards withdrawn it.
|Canon 1157.||The renewal of consent must be a new act of will consenting to a marriage which the renewing party knows or thinks was invalid from the beginning.|
|Canon 1158.||§1 If the impediment is public, consent is to be renewed by both parties in the canonical form, without prejudice to the provision of can. 1127 §3.
§2 If the impediment cannot be proved, it is sufficient that consent be renewed privately and in secret, specifically by the party who is aware of the impediment
provided the other party persists in the consent given, or by both parties if the impediment is known to both.
|Canon 1159.||§1 A marriage invalid because of a defect of consent is validated if the party who did not consent, now does consent, provided the consent given by the other party persists.
§2 If the defect of the consent cannot be proven, it is sufficient that the party who did not consent, gives consent privately and in secret.
§3 If the defect of consent can be proven, it is necessary that consent be given in the canonical form.
|Canon 1160.||For a marriage which is invalid because of defect of form to become valid, it must be contracted anew in the canonical form, without prejudice to the provisions of can. 1127 §3.|
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