Canon Text
Canon 1584.A presumption is a probable conjecture about something which is uncertain. Presumptions of law are those stated in the law; human presumptions are those made by a judge.
Canon 1585.A person with a presumption of law in his or her favour is freed from the onus of proof, which then falls on the other party.
Canon 1586.The judge is not to make presumptions which are not stated in the law, other than on the basis of a certain and determinate fact directly connected to the matter in dispute.

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