|The Sanctifying Function of the Church » Other Acts of Divine Worship » Sacramentals|
|Canon 1166.||Sacramentals are sacred signs by which effects, especially spiritual effects, are signified in some imitation of the sacraments and are obtained through the intercession of the Church.|
|Canon 1167.||§1. The Apostolic See alone can establish new sacramentals, authentically interpret those already received, or abolish or change any of them.
§2. In confecting or administering sacramentals, the rites and formulas approved by the authority of the Church are to be observed carefully.
|Canon 1168.||The minister of sacramentals is a cleric who has been provided with the requisite power. According to the norm of the liturgical books and to the judgment of the local ordinary lay persons who possess the appropriate qualities can also administer some sacramentals.|
|Canon 1169.||§1. Those marked with the episcopal character and presbyters permitted by law or legitimate grant can perform consecrations and dedications validly.
§2. Any presbyter can impart blessings except those reserved to the Roman Pontiff or bishops.
§3. A deacon can impart only those blessings expressly permitted by law.
|Canon 1170.||Blessings, which are to be imparted first of all to Catholics, can also be given to catechumens and even to non-Catholics unless there is a prohibition of the Church to the contrary.|
|Canon 1171.||Sacred objects, which are designated for divine worship by dedication or blessing, are to be treated reverently and are not to be employed for profane or inappropriate use even if they are owned by private persons.|
|Canon 1172.||§1. No one can perform exorcisms legitimately upon the possessed unless he has obtained special and express permission from the local ordinary.
§2. The local ordinary is to give this permission only to a presbyter who has piety, knowledge, prudence, and integrity of life.
|The Sanctifying Function of the Church » Other Acts of Divine Worship » The Liturgy of the Hours|
|Canon 1173.||Fulfilling the priestly function of Christ, the Church celebrates the liturgy of the hours. In the liturgy of the hours, the Church, hearing God speaking to his people and recalling the mystery of salvation, praises him without ceasing by song and prayer and intercedes for the salvation of the whole world.|
|Canon 1174.||§1. Clerics are obliged to carry out the liturgy of the hours according to the norm of can. 276, §2, n. 3; members of institutes of consecrated life and societies of apostolic life, however, are bound according to the norm of their constitutions.
§2. Other members of the Christian faithful, according to circumstances, are also earnestly invited to participate in the liturgy of the hours as an action of the Church.
|Canon 1175.||In carrying out the liturgy of the hours, the true time for each hour is to be observed insofar as possible.|
|The Sanctifying Function of the Church » Other Acts of Divine Worship » Ecclesiastical Funerals|
|Canon 1176.||§1. Deceased members of the Christian faithful must be given ecclesiastical funerals according to the norm of law.
§2. Ecclesiastical funerals, by which the Church seeks spiritual support for the deceased, honors their bodies, and at the same time brings the solace of hope to the living, must be celebrated according to the norm of the liturgical laws.
§3. The Church earnestly recommends that the pious custom of burying the bodies of the deceased be observed; nevertheless, the Church does not prohibit cremation unless it was chosen for reasons contrary to Christian doctrine.
|The Sanctifying Function of the Church » Other Acts of Divine Worship » Ecclesiastical Funerals » The celebration of funerals|
|Canon 1177.||§1. A funeral for any deceased member of the faithful must generally be celebrated in his or her parish church.
§2. Any member of the faithful or those competent to take care of the funeral of a deceased member of the faithful are permitted to choose another church for the funeral rite with the consent of the person who governs it and after notification of the proper pastor of the deceased.
§3. If a death occurred outside the person’s own parish, and the body was not transferred to it nor another church legitimately chosen for the funeral rite, the funeral is to be celebrated in the church of the parish where the death occurred unless particular law has designated another church.
|Canon 1178.||The funeral of a diocesan bishop is to be celebrated in his own cathedral church unless he has chosen another church.|
|Canon 1179.||The funerals of religious or members of a society of apostolic life are generally to be celebrated in their own church or oratory by the superior if the institute or society is clerical; otherwise by the chaplain.|
|Canon 1180.||§1. If a parish has its own cemetery, the deceased members of the faithful must be buried in it unless the deceased or those competent to take care of the burial of the deceased have chosen another cemetery legitimately.
§2. Everyone, however, is permitted to choose the cemetery of burial unless prohibited by law.
|Canon 1181.||Regarding offerings on the occasion of funeral rites, the prescripts of can. 1264 are to be observed, with the caution, however, that there is to be no favoritism toward persons in funerals and that the poor are not deprived of fitting funerals.|
|Canon 1182.||When the burial has been completed, a record is to be made in the register of deaths according to the norm of particular law.|
|The Sanctifying Function of the Church » Other Acts of Divine Worship » Ecclesiastical Funerals » Those to whom ecclesiastical funerals must be granted or denied|
|Canon 1183.||§1. When it concerns funerals, catechumens must be counted among the Christian faithful.
§2. The local ordinary can permit children whom the parents intended to baptize but who died before baptism to be given ecclesiastical funerals.
§3. In the prudent judgment of the local ordinary, ecclesiastical funerals can be granted to baptized persons who are enrolled in a non-Catholic Church or ecclesial community unless their intention is evidently to the contrary and provided that their own minister is not available.
|Canon 1184.||§1. Unless they gave some signs of repentance before death, the following must be deprived of ecclesiastical funerals:
1. notorious apostates, heretics, and schismatics;
2. those who chose the cremation of their bodies for reasons contrary to Christian faith;
3. other manifest sinners who cannot be granted ecclesiastical funerals without public scandal of the faithful.
§2. If any doubt occurs, the local ordinary is to be consulted, and his judgment must be followed.
|Canon 1185.||Any funeral Mass must also be denied a person who is excluded from ecclesiastical funerals.|
|The Sanctifying Function of the Church » Other Acts of Divine Worship » The Veneration of the Saints, Sacred Images, and Relics|
|Canon 1186.||To foster the sanctification of the people of God, the Church commends to the special and filial reverence of the Christian faithful the Blessed Mary ever Virgin, Mother of God, whom Christ established as the mother of all people, and promotes the true and authentic veneration of the other saints whose example instructs the Christian faithful and whose intercession sustains them.|
|Canon 1187.||It is permitted to reverence through public veneration only those servants of God whom the authority of the Church has recorded in the list of the saints or the blessed.|
|Canon 1188.||The practice of displaying sacred images in churches for the reverence of the faithful is to remain in effect. Nevertheless, they are to be exhibited in moderate number and in suitable order so that the Christian people are not confused nor occasion given for inappropriate devotion.|
|Canon 1189.||If they are in need of repair, precious images, that is, those distinguished by age, art, or veneration, which are exhibited in churches or oratories for the reverence of the faithful are never to be restored without the written permission of the ordinary; he is to consult experts before he grants permission.|
|Canon 1190.||§1. It is absolutely forbidden to sell sacred relics.
§2. Relics of great significance and other relics honored with great reverence by the people cannot be alienated validly in any manner or transferred permanently without the permission of the Apostolic See.
§3. The prescript of §2 is valid also for images which are honored in some church with great reverence by the people.
|The Sanctifying Function of the Church » Other Acts of Divine Worship » A Vow and An Oath » A vow|
|Canon 1191.||§1. A vow, that is, a deliberate and free promise made to God about a possible and better good, must be fulfilled by reason of the virtue of religion.
§2. Unless they are prohibited by law, all who possess suitable use of reason are capable of making a vow.
§3. A vow made out of grave and unjust fear or malice is null by the law itself.
|Canon 1192.||§1. A vow is public if a legitimate superior accepts it in the name of the Church; otherwise, it is private.
§2. A vow is solemn if the Church has recognized it as such; otherwise, it is simple.
§3. A vow is personal if the person making the vow promises an action; real if the person making the vow promises some thing; mixed if it shares the nature of a personal and a real vow.
|Canon 1193.||By its nature a vow obliges only the person who makes it.|
|Canon 1194.||A vow ceases by the lapse of the time designated to fulfill the obligation, by a substantial change of the matter promised, by the absence of a condition on which the vow depends, by the absence of the purpose of the vow, by dispensation, or by commutation.|
|Canon 1195.||The person who has power over the matter of the vow can suspend the obligation of the vow for as long a time as the fulfillment of the vow brings disadvantage to that person.|
|Canon 1196.||In addition to the Roman Pontiff, the following can dispense from private vows for a just cause provided that a dispensation does not injure a right acquired by others:
1. the local ordinary and the pastor with regard to all their subjects and even travelers;
2. the superior of a religious institute or society of apostolic life if it is clerical and of pontifical right with regard to members, novices, and persons who live day and night in a house of the institute or society;
3. those to whom the Apostolic See or the local ordinary has delegated the power of dispensing.
|Canon 1197.||The person who makes a private vow can commute the work promised by the vow into a better or equal good; however, one who has the power of dispensing according to the norm of can. 1196 can commute it into a lesser good.|
|Canon 1198.||Vows made before religious profession are suspended while the person who made the vow remains in the religious institute.|
|The Sanctifying Function of the Church » Other Acts of Divine Worship » An oath|
|Canon 1199.||§1. An oath, that is, the invocation of the divine name in witness to the truth, cannot be taken unless in truth, in judgment, and in justice.
§2. An oath which the canons require or permit cannot be taken validly through a proxy.
|Canon 1200.||§1. A person who freely swears to do something is bound by a special obligation of religion to fulfill what he or she affirmed by oath.
§2. An oath extorted by malice, force, or grave fear is null by the law itself.
|Canon 1201.||§1. A promissory oath follows the nature and conditions of the act to which it is attached.
§2. If an oath is added to an act which directly tends toward the harm of others or toward the disadvantage of the public good or of eternal salvation, then the act is not reinforced by the oath.
|Canon 1202.||The obligation arising from a promissory oath ceases:
1. if it is remitted by the person for whose benefit the oath was made;
2. if the matter sworn to is substantially changed or if, after the circumstances have changed, it becomes either evil or entirely indif-ferent or, finally, impedes a greater good;
3. if the purpose or a condition under which the oath may have been taken ceases;
4. by dispensation or commutation, according to the norm of can. 1203.
|Canon 1203.||Those who can suspend, dispense, or commute a vow have the same power in the same manner over a promissory oath; but if the dispensation from the oath tends to the disadvantage of others who refuse to remit the obligation of the oath, only the Apostolic See can dispense the oath.|
|Canon 1204.||An oath must be interpreted strictly according to the law and according to the intention of the person taking the oath or, if that person acts out of malice, according to the intention of the person to whom the oath is made.|
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