|Sanctions in the Church » Delicts and Penalties in General » Penalties and Other Punishments » Censures|
|Canon 1331.||§1. An excommunicated person is forbidden:
1. to have any ministerial participation in celebrating the sacrifice of the Eucharist or any other ceremonies of worship whatsoever;
2. to celebrate the sacraments or sacramentals and to receive the sacraments;
3. to exercise any ecclesiastical offices, ministries, or functions whatsoever or to place acts of governance.
§2. If the excommunication has been imposed or declared, the offender:
1. who wishes to act against the prescript of §1, n. 1 must be prevented from doing so, or the liturgical action must be stopped unless a grave cause precludes this;
2. invalidly places acts of governance which are illicit according to the norm of §1, n. 3;
3. is forbidden to benefit from privileges previously granted;
4. cannot acquire validly a dignity, office, or other function in the Church;
5. does not appropriate the benefits of a dignity, office, any function, or pension, which the offender has in the Church.
|Canon 1332.||The prohibitions mentioned in can. 1331, §1, nn. 1 and 2 bind an interdicted person. If the interdict has been imposed or declared, however, the prescript of can. 1331, §2, n. 1 must be observed.|
|Canon 1333.||§1. Suspension, which can affect only clerics, prohibits:
1. either all or some acts of the power of orders;
2. either all or some acts of the power of governance;
3. the exercise of either all or some of the rights or functions attached to an office.
§2. A law or precept can establish that a suspended person cannot place acts of governance validly after a condemnatory or declaratory sentence.
§3. A prohibition never affects:
1. the offices or the power of governance which are not under the power of the superior who establishes the penalty;
2. the right of residence which the offender may have by reason of office;
3. the right to administer goods which may pertain to the office of the person suspended if the penalty is latae sententiae.
§4. A suspension prohibiting a person from receiving benefits, a stipend, pensions, or any other such thing entails the obligation of making restitution for whatever has been received illegitimately, even if in good faith.
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